A disorder characterized by high blood pressure; generally this includes systolic blood pressure (the "top" number, which represents the pressure generated when the heart beats) consistently higher than 140, or diastolic blood pressure (the "bottom" number, which represents the pressure in the vessels when the heart is at rest) consistently over 90.Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood pumped by the heart, and the size and condition of the arteries. 

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 Many other factors can affect blood pressure, including volume of water in the body; salt content of the body; condition of the kidneys, nervous system, or blood vessels; and levels of various hormones in the body.Caucasian men and African-Americans of both sexes have a higher incidence of significant hypertension. "Essential" hypertension has no identifiable cause.  It may have genetic factors and environmental factors, such as salt intake or others.  Essential hypertension comprises over 95% of all hypertension.

Prevention : Lifestyle changes may be helpful to control high blood pressure. Lose weight, if overweight.  Excess weight adds to strain on the heart.  In some cases, weight loss may be the only treatment needed.  Exercise to improve cardiac fitness.  Dietary adjustments may be beneficial, especially a decrease of sodium in diet.  Modify intake (sodium intake may have little effect in persons without hypertension but may have a profound effect in those with hypertension). Salt, MSG, and baking soda all contain sodium.

Hypertension may be suspected when the blood pressure is high.  It is confirmed through blood pressure measurements that are repeated over time.  Blood pressure consistently elevated over 140 systolic (which indicates the pressure generated when the heart beats) or 90 diastolic (which indicates the pressure when the heart is at rest), or consistently over the person's "normal" blood pressure, is considered hypertension.  The person may show signs of complications.

Tests for suspected causes and complications may be performed.  These are guided by the symptoms presented, history, and results of examination. In homoeopathy medicine like Iodum, Spongia, Calcarea carb,  are used for the treatment. The proper analysis of the case with the qualified homoeopathic physician will give the better results.